What’s the Difference Between 1st and 2nd Generation Cavoodles?

Toy Cavoodle

Cavoodles, renowned for their endearing personalities and delightful companionship, are available in different generations, each with distinctive traits and characteristics.

This article will help you understand the difference between 1st and 2nd Generation Cavoodles, making it easy to distinguish between them.

Warning – get ready for the terminology, our minds got a little bamboozled but you’ll get there in the end 😅

1st Generation vs. 2nd Generation Cavoodles

The first-generation (1st generation or F1) and second-generation (2nd generation or F2) Cavoodles refer to different generations of Cavoodle puppies. There are some key differences between them:

1st Generation Cavoodles (F1):

Parent Breeds

F1 Cavoodles result from breeding a purebred Cavalier King Charles Spaniel with a purebred Poodle (often a Miniature or Toy Poodle). This results in a 50/50 mix of the two parent breeds.

Coat Type

The coat of F1 Cavoodles can vary in texture and may be wavy, curly, or straight, depending on the specific genetics inherited from the Poodle parent.


F1 Cavoodles can vary in size, depending again on the size of the Poodle parent. They typically range from small to medium-sized dogs.


They often inherit a pleasant, friendly, and affectionate disposition from both parent breeds. F1 Cavoodles are known for their social and gentle nature.


Their are cavoodle hypoallergenic qualities may vary depending on the genes they inherit, you guessed it, from the Poodle parent.

2nd Generation Cavoodles (F2)

Parent Breeds

F2 Cavoodles result from breeding two F1 Cavoodles (first-generation Cavoodles). This means that both of their parents are already Cavoodles.

Coat Type

The coat of F2 Cavoodles can be more consistent in terms of its texture compared to F1 Cavoodles. However, it can still vary, depending on the specific genetic makeup.


F2 Cavoodles typically fall within the same size range as F1 Cavoodles, generally small to medium-sized.


Like F1 Cavoodles, F2 Cavoodles tend to have a friendly, affectionate cavapoo temperament. Their personality traits can be predictable because both parents are already Cavoodles.


The hypoallergenic qualities of F2 Cavoodles are similar to those of F1 Cavoodles and depend on the specific genes they inherit.

Key Distinctions in 1st and 2nd Generation Cavoodles

Comparing key distinctions in 1st and 2nd generation Cavoodles involves examining the differences between these two generations of Cavoodle dogs, a popular crossbreed between a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and a Poodle. Here’s a bit of a summary of key points:

Generational Differences

  • 1st Generation Cavoodles are the result of crossing a purebred Cavalier King Charles Spaniel with a purebred Poodle. They are considered a first-generation hybrid.
  • 2nd Generation Cavoodles result from breeding two 1st generation Cavoodles together or crossing a 1st generation with a Poodle. They are considered a second-generation hybrid.

Physical Characteristics

  • 1st First-generation cavoodles may exhibit a wider range of physical traits as they inherit genes from two distinct purebred parents.
  • 2nd Second-generation Cavoodles tend to have more predictable physical characteristics since they are the offspring of Cavoodles.

Coat Types

  • 1st Generation Cavoodles may have various coat types, including straight, wavy, or curly, depending on the Poodle parent’s genes.
  • 2nd generation Cavoodles often have more consistent coat types, usually wavy or curly, due to both parents being Cavoodles or a Cavoodle and a Poodle.

Health and Genetics

  • 1st First-generation cavoodles may have fewer genetic health issues due to the diversity of their genes from two different breeds.
  • 2nd Second-generation cavoodles may have a more predictable genetic profile but could inherit certain health concerns from their lineage.


Both generations of Cavoodles are known for their friendly, affectionate, and intelligent nature.

Socialization, training, and individual personalities can vary, but both generations generally make great family pets.

Allergen Sensitivity

  • 1st First-generation cavoodles may have a wider range of allergen sensitivity depending on their coat type.
  • 2nd Second-generation cavoodles with consistently wavy or curly coats are often considered more hypoallergenic.


  • 1st First-generation Cavoodles may be less common as they require specific breeding combinations.
  • 2nd generation Cavoodles are often more readily available, as they can be produced by crossing two existing Cavoodles.

When comparing 1st and 2nd generation Cavoodles, you must consider your preferences regarding appearance, health, and allergen sensitivity. Both generations can make wonderful pets, so your choice should align with your lifestyle and priorities.

Additionally, it’s crucial to choose a reputable breeder who prioritizes the health and well-being of their dogs, regardless of the generation.

Choosing the Perfect Cavoodle Generation for You

Understanding the difference between 1st and 2nd generation Cavoodles is like picking your favorite ice cream flavor – it’s all about finding the perfect match dog for your style and preferences. Whether you go for F1 or F2, Cavoodles bring joy, love, and a sprinkle of doggy charm to your life!


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